Explanation of Vaccinations
Canine Distemper (DHPP)
This vaccine is protective against canine Distemper, Adeno (Hepatitis), Parvo and Parainfluenza virus. The two most important viruses are the Distemper and Parvo virus.
Distemper virus leads to flu like symptoms initially and then results in a severe neurological syndrome. The neurological symptoms include pain when touched and siezures. Unfortunately treatment is often unsuccessful and the most common outcome is death.
Parvo virus causes severe vomiting and diarrhea. The diarrhea quickly turns bloody and the dog starts to feel very ill very quickly. Treatment requires immediate hospitalization and intensive care and some dogs can survive. However, the prognosis for this disease is guarded at best.
This vaccine is given every 2-4 weeks starting at 7-8 weeks. The last vaccination is then given around 16 weeks and then a booster shot is given at one year of age. The exact number of vaccinations is determined by multiple factors so please consult with a veterinarian to determine the best schedule for your pet.
Feline Distemper (FVRCP)
This vaccine prevents against three potentially deadly airborne viruses: Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia virus.
Rhinotracheitis is triggered by the common feline herpes virus. The symptoms include sneezing, runny nose and drooling. You may see crusty discharge around your cats eyes and your pet may be more lethargic and sleepy. This disease can be fatal if not treated.
Calicivirus has similar symptoms as above, but can also include ulcers in the mouth and on the tongue. If it progresses it can lead to pneumonia, especially in very young or very old cats.
Panleukopenia is commonly known as “distemper” disease of cats. It is very contagious from cat to cat and nearly all cats regardless of their living conditions become exposed at some point. Common symptoms include fever, vomiting and bloody diarrhea. If it progresses, the virus can attack a cats immune system and the pet can die very quickly.
Similar to the Canine DHPP vaccine this is given every 2-4 weeks starting at the age of 8 weeks. The last vaccination is given around 16 weeks and then boostered at one year of age.
Canine Bordetella / “Kennel Cough”
Kennel cough in dogs is a highly contagious upper respiratory infection that can be caused by a bacteria and lead to secondary viral infections. The most common bacteria is Bordetella bronchiseptica. It is passed amongst dogs like the common cold in humans. It can be airborne or contact such as a sharing of the food or water bowl.
This vaccine is recommended for dogs two months or older to help prevent a severe type of bronchitis. Daycare facilities, groomers, pet training schools and kennels require this vaccination. This vaccine is then boosted semi-annually.
This vaccine is given to puppies and kittens at approximately 16 weeks of age. The first Rabies vaccine is effective for 1 year. After the initial 1 year vaccination a booster may be given every 1 to 3 years depending on owner preference.
Canine rabies vaccinations are required by the state of Wisconsin. It is becoming more common for certain municipalities to require all cats be vaccinated for feline rabies. Please check with your local municipality.
Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria (Borrelia burgdorferi). It can cause similar symptoms in dogs as in people such as fever, vomiting, lethargy, joint pain and infection of the kidneys. If left untreated, it can lead to kidney failure and death.
This vaccine can be given at 9 weeks of age or older. It is then boosted after 2-3 weeks, and then boosted annually afterwards. The vaccine is recommended for dogs with an active lifestyle that are exposed to ticks. However, the vaccination is not 100% effective, therefore proper flea/tick control with a topical product is strongly recommended.
Canine Leptospirosis Vaccine
Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that causes fever, vomiting and increased urination. Often it can lead to Kidney and liver damage that may be irreversible. The most common ways for your pet to be infected is through urine of infected animals such as raccoons, deer and rats. It can also be passed onto humans from the urine of any infected animal.
This vaccination is given at 12-13 weeks of age. It is then boosted after 2-3 weeks and then boosted annually afterwards. This is a non core vaccination that should be administered to dogs with certain lifestyles. The decision should be made after speaking with our experienced veterinarian.
Canine Flu Vaccine (H3N2)
Dog flu infection presents itself with persistent cough, nasal discharge, and fever, or in in dogs with pneumonia or clinical signs of more severe respiratory illness. The most common clinical presentation of dog flu infection is a mild upper respiratory tract infection including signs of lethargy, anorexia, low-grade fever, nasal discharge, and cough. Twenty percent of dogs have the potential to develop a severe disease course. Dogs with more severe disease usually present with high fever, an increased respiratory rate, and pneumonia. This vaccination is given as early as 6 weeks of age. It is then boosted after 2-3 weeks and then boosted annually afterwards.
To receive this vaccine your cat requires a quick blood test to determine their FeLV/FIV status. If your pet tests negative you may start the vaccine to prevent these diseases. After the initial vaccine, it is administered again in 3-4 weeks and then annually. This vaccine is essential for kittens, outdoor cats and multi-cat households.
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